Air conditioners are designed to cool the room at a desired temperature. In non-inverter AC type, the room temperature is maintained by switching the motor on and off. The motor speed is consistent, when it is on. Moreover, all these functionalities consume significant energy.
On the other hand, inverter technology air conditioners include variable motor speed. The motor does not need to switch on and off. This is the key difference between non-inverter and inverter technology. Air conditioners like Voltas make use of inverter technology, so the unit loses less power and thus save energy consumption.
For example, when a man starts running fast -> rests -> runs fast -> rests consistently then he uses more energy. However, if he maintains proper pace then he can consistently run without wasting energy.
Heat pump uses energy saving technology
Basically, heat is present in places having cool or hot climate. Places feel cold because the heat amount is very less.
In places where heat level is high, temperature will also be high. On the other hand, when heat amount is low, temperature will also be low.
Transferring heat is the concept utilized in heat pump technology. For example, heat from outdoor is transferred inside using little electricity. This means energy savings.
How heat transfer works?
Refrigerant is the medium, which conveys heat. Refrigerant in the air conditioners circulate between outdoor and indoor units. It acts as lifeblood of the air conditioner. You may have studies in physics that heat transfer from high temperature area to low temperature area.
For example, place a cold spoon below a hot spoon. You will discover that the cold spoon turns warm. Heat from hot spoon gets transferred to cold spoon. When temperature of both spoon becomes equal the heat transfer stops.
This physics law is used in air conditioners. Heat absorbed from outdoor air gets cooled as it passes over the refrigerant and is transferred in the room.
Advantages of Inverter technology
Compressor motor speed is fixed in non-inverter ACs, while in dual inverter technology speed is variable. This means, the unit operates at low or full speed. Inverter adjusts the energy usage according to room temperature.
The major advantage of dual inverter is that its compressor does not run consistently at full capacity. When speed reduces, power consumption also reduces. Thus, you will need to pay less against utility bills.
As there is no need for the compressor to get switched on and off frequently, the operation of the outdoor unit is very low.
Cooling and heating is efficient because of inverter technology, so the life of the air conditioner lengthens. Sharp load fluctuations in power supply can damage the unit but this problem is eliminated due to green technology.
Even though inverter technology air conditioners make use of more power in the start than non-inverter, the energy consumption decreases when the room gets cooled at desired temperature.